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Osteoporosis is a disease in which there is greater chance of broken bones due to decreased bone strength. It is very common among the elderly. It occurs in 55% of those aged 50 and above. The bones that usually break are the back bones, forearm and hip bones. In osteoporosis, there are no defining symptoms that occur before the bone breaks. The extreme weakening of the bones may result in a break due to minor stress or even spontaneously. This results in chronic pain and inability to carry out many previously normal activities. In women, the chances of developing an osteoporosis-related hip fracture is equal to the combined risk of developing breast cancer, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer. By age 90, one-third of all women and 17% of men have had a hip fracture. Osteoporosis treatment involves medications and lifestyle changes. However, more important is early diagnosis of osteoporosis.
In Osteoporosis, the bones appear lighter and thinner than normal bones. An X-ray can be used to diagnose osteoporosis. However, a drawback is that by the time the X-rays detect it, 30% or more of the bone density is lost. The bone’s mineral density can also be measured as another way of diagnosis.
A commonly said phrase is ‘prevention is better than cure’. The prevention of osteoporosis includes a proper balanced, nutritious diet during childhood and avoiding medications and supplements (such as anticonvulsants). The individual should always walk and exercise as much as possible without over-exerting. Alcohol consumption and smoking have been linked to Osteoporosis. Changing one’s lifestyle to eliminate these behaviors can help prevent Osteoporosis. Diets should include an appropriate calcium intake. However, unnecessary supplements can be avoided. Reducing the consumption of carbonated beverages can also prevent osteoporosis.
More than medications, lifestyle modification is crucial in osteoporosis treatment. This includes encouraging the patient to walk a lot and perform endurance exercises. Osteoporosis treatment also involves aerobics, weight bearing and resistance exercises to maintain or increase bone mineral density in post-menopausal women. Nutritionally sound diets are recommended. Additionally, fall prevention is extremely important. Hip protectors have been used with success especially among the elderly living in care homes.
No.17, C.V. Raman Road, Alwarpet,CHENNAI - 600018
Plot No.2017, "L" Block,13th Main Road, Anna Nagar, CHENNAI-600040
NO 114, 146 Annaikarai St.,Opp. Municipal Office, Tenkasi – 627811
Aarthi Scans Pvt. Ltd., 499, CMH Road, Indiranagar, Near Chinmaya Mission Hospital, Bengaluru - 500038
No.156, 9th Main Road, Jayanagar, 3rd Block, Next to Josalukkas, Banglore - 560011
No 04, Dr Thangaraj Salai, K.K.Nagar, Madurai – 625020
Kamaraj Nagar Rajapalayam – 626117
No.766, P.H. Road, Kilpauk, Chennai - 600010
No 40 Palai Road, Tuticorin – 628001
Lakshmi Complex, North High Ground, Palaymkottai, Tirunelveli – 627002
No.50, Paper Mills Road, Perambur, CHENNAI--600011
10, 4, Arcot Road, Lakshmi Nagar, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600116
Opposite to Rohini Hospital, 22/1 Pudukottai Road, Thanjavur - 614902
No. 14-D, Santhaipettai Street, Kovilpatti – 628502
116, Elumalai Street, 116,Mudichur Road, Tambaram CHENNAI--600045
Old No.623/1, New No.640, T.H. Road Tondiarpet, CHENNAI-- 600021
No.60, 100 Feet Road, Opposite to SRM University Vadapalani, CHENNAI-- 600026
NO 177, TVM Road, Vannarpet, Tirunelveli – 627003
No.3, 1st Main Road,Velachery, Viaya Nagar, CHENNAI- 600 042
H1-A, Main Market Road, Opposite Neeli Masjid Hauz Khas, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, Delhi 110016
Shop No : 5,Sakhala Mall,Near Kalika Temple, Mumbai Naka, Nashik - 422002
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34,36, Mall Road,Near GTB Nagar Metro Gate No - 3, Delhi - 110009
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Bhaveshwar Vihar, 383 Sardar V P Rd, Opposite Vanita Vishram, Prathna Samaj, Khetwadi, Girgaon, Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400004
4A/16, Tilak Nagar, New Delhi - 110018
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi – 110060
A - 5, Green Park, Main Aurobindo Marg,New Delhi
Parel Premises, Gokhale Road South, Opp Motilal Oswal Tower, Parel West, Mumbai - 400 025
Sej Plaza, Marve Road, Malad (W), Mumbai - 400064.
8th Floor, Corporate Centre Nirmal Lifestyles Mall LBS Road, Mulund (West), Mumbai - 400080
A 34 MGR Road, Chennai - 61
448, T.H Road, Old Washermanpet, Chennai - 21.
30/1, Bazullah Road, Chennai - 600017.
Velachery-12, Dhandeesearam, First Main Road, Chennai - 20
No 36 & 39, MTH Road, Villivakkam, Chennai – 49.
No 9, Palankottai Street, Poonamallee, Chennai - 56
Santosh Diagnostic & Scan Centre No.19, H.M.T. Layout, 80 Feet Main Road R.T. Nagar, Bangalore - 560032
69, St Johns Church Road, Near Coles Park, Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560005
A25 near HDFC Bank , Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110016
44A, Doctors House, Dr. Ambedkar Road, Dadar TT Circle, Mumbai - 400014
012/112, Hilla Towers, Dr. S.S. Rao Road, Lalbaug, Kala Chowkie, Mumbai - 400 012
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