Infertility refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. In other words infertility refers to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception.
Studies indicate that slightly over half of all cases of infertility are a result of female conditions, while the rest are caused by either sperm disorders or unidentified factors. Many cases of apparent infertility are treatable. Infertility may have a single cause in one of the partners, or it could be the result of a combination of factors.
In order to retrieve these multiple eggs for IVF, the woman must undergo injections with hormones and careful monitoring of her ovaries by ultrasound and her hormone levels by blood tests every day or every other day until she is ready for the egg retrieval. There are several methods of hormonal stimulation for IVF that basically can be divided into what we call “conventional stimulation” and “minimal stimulation,” or “mini-IVF.”
Eggs are retrieved by ultrasound guided needle aspiration under light sedation (in the operating room). This involves no surgical incision, and virtually no pain afterward. You just leave the hospital directly from the operating room, with no pain, and come back three days later to have the embryo (or embryos) placed very simply into the uterus through the cervix with a tiny catheter. No incision and no anesthetic are needed. An hour later you are able to go home.
The fertilized eggs (embryos) continue to grow in the laboratory for up to six days before being transferred into the womb. The best one or two embryos will be chosen for transfer. After egg collection, you will be given hormone medicines to help prepare the lining of the womb to receive the embryo.
Some health problems also increase the risk of infertility.
Additional Risk factors for women's infertility:
There are five basic steps in the IVF and embryo transfer process:
Some side effects of IVF / fertility medications may include:
Some minor discomfort and side effects are expected. Please convey the treating team about the discomfort or symptom you may be facing
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) involves a significant physical, financial and emotional commitment on the part of a couple. Psychological stress and emotional problems are common, especially if in vitro fertilization (IVF) is unsuccessful. As with most medical procedures, there are potential risks like:
IVF was traditionally used to help both men and women address infertility issues. Women with missing, damaged, or blocked fallopian tubes were some of the first patients to carry successful IVFs. The egg is fertilized outside the female body and then placed inside the uterus for a more likely implantation.
Female Infertility tests:
Infertility tests for men
There are several ways uterine fibroids can reduce fertility. Changes in the shape of the cervix and uterus can affect the number of sperm that can enter the uterus.
Based on the couple’s test results and other factors, infertility may be treated with:
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