Brachytherapy also known as known as internal radiation, involves placing radioactive material into a tumour itself or into its surrounding tissue. As the radiation sources are placed close to the tumour cells, a large dose of radiation can be delivered with CT-Scan-image-based 3D planning. Brachytherapy may cause fewer side effects than does external beam radiation and the overall treatment time is usually shorter with brachytherapy. Brachytherapy can be used alone or in conjunction with other cancer treatments.
Proton beam therapy is a form of external beam radiation treatment that uses protons rather than X-rays to treat certain types of cancer and other diseases. The physical characteristics of the proton therapy beam allow doctors to more effectively reduce the radiation dose to nearby healthy tissue.
Like proton therapy, neutron beam therapy is a specialized form of external beam radiation therapy. It is often used to treat certain tumors that are radio-resistant, meaning that they are very difficult to kill using conventional X-ray radiation therapy. Neutrons have a greater biologic impact on cells than other types of radiation. Used carefully, this added impact can be an advantage in certain situations.
Chemotherapy is a type of treatment that includes a medication or combination of medications to treat cancer. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to malignant cells and tissues. The goal is to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells. Chemo medications attack rapidly growing cancer cells but they can also affect healthy cells that grow rapidly.
Chemotherapy treatment plans may use a single medication or a combination of medications that can be delivered in more than one way.
Staying hydrated can help minimize the fatigue and constipation caused by chemo. It also protects the kidneys from the toxic waste buildup caused from cancer drugs. The process of chemotherapy causes the body to lose more water and become dehydrated.
The costs for chemotherapy can vary. Expenses differ depending on the drugs, the stage of the cancer and other factors specific to each patient. The cost of diagnostics like CT Scans, PET Scans, MRI, FNAC, biopsy and other diagnostics need to be added.
No two cancers have the same treatment approach. The treating team of doctors decide the line of treatment comprising of chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both. Many times surgery is required.
Other treatment options like hormone therapy and immunotherapy can also be used along. The cost of treatment thus varies according to the treatment chosen.
The cost of the cancer which is diagnosed at an early stage is lower than the one diagnosed later. The extent of spread of the cancer, patient’s age, medical history and general health influence the cost.
The type of drugs used whether Indian made or imported also changes the costing.
The cost of cancer treatment is different in different cities and different areas in the same city depending on the real estate, machinery, implants and equipment. Infrastructure of the hospital, room facility, machines and the techniques used, common cancer tests and investigation costs, surgeons and other doctors visiting fees are the other determining factors.
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