Certain cancers may be treated by swallowing radioactive pills or receiving radioactive fluids in the vein (intravenous). This type of treatment is called systemic radiation therapy because the medicine goes to the entire body. Radioactive iodine capsules are given to treat some types of thyroid cancer or to treat pain due to cancer that has spread to the bone.
Radiosurgery is a now a proven alternative to conventional surgery in the treatment of Brain Tumours. Brain Tumour does not necessarily mean cancer. Only 50% of the Brain Tumours are malignant, the rest are benign. Most Brain Tumours need to be treated with surgery or by opening the head. This procedure is done with techniques known as Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy (SRS / SRT).
The superior efficacy of Radiosurgery offers lower risk of complications, shorter hospital stay, reduced morbidity and improved quality of life as compared to the conventional methods of treatment. Stereotactic radiotherapy is a technique that allows to precisely focus beams of radiation to destroy certain types of tumors. In addition to treating some cancers, radiosurgery can also be used to treat malformations in the brain's blood vessels and certain noncancerous (benign) neurologic conditions.
Radiation therapy is usually well tolerated and many patients are able to continue their normal routines but sometimes it causes side effects. Many of the side effects of radiation therapy are only in the area being treated. These side effects are usually temporary and can be treated by your doctor or other members of the treatment team. Side effects usually begin by the second or third week of treatment and they may last for several weeks after the final radiation treatment. Information about how to manage them and prescribed medicines or changes in your eating habits helps relieve discomfort.
Stay out of the sun. If you must spend time outdoors, wear a hat or clothing to protect your skin. After treatment, use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15.